What is Thermal Gap Pad, They are used in electronic assemblies to fill the gaps between components. They prevent overheating which can damage critical parts by providing a path for heat to move from the source. There are many different forms of thermal interface material, including pastes and gels, but pads are the best option for mass production. Other types of thermal materials are expensive to manufacture and require extensive tooling. Pads, however, are easy to cut and offer superior durability.
Thermal interface materials (TIMs) or thermal gap pads are silicone-based, soft materials that are compressed between two surfaces in order to create a thin insulation layer. They can also be embedded between a board and connector to eliminate the need of expensive heat sinks. They are the most commonly used form of thermal insulation and can be used to dissipate any heat from electronic devices.
Gap fillers can be made from a wide range of materials with different physical properties, such as thickness, hardness and dielectric strength. The type of material that is most suitable for a certain application will depend on the amount and method of heat transfer. This can measured in watts/meter Kelvin.
Idealy, the gap filler should have the ability to deform in order to fit different gaps. This is because tolerances can change during assembly. This will ensure that the TIM contacts both surfaces equally for optimal performance. The TIM must also be durable and able resist long-term stresses and temperature cycling. Low-quality fillers have a tendency to creep, outgassing or lose their adhesion properties over time.
ThermaCool is one of Saint-Gobain’s most popular gap fillers. It is a non-curing, thermal interface material. It has a low-profile and excellent ductility for easy installation. It can work well in high temperatures and on a range of metals. It can be custom-cut to match any design and is available in thicknesses ranging from 0.010″ up to 0.249″.
Gel-based products have become more popular as they are easier to use than phase change products. They can also withstand higher temperatures and are more durable than liquid metal products. They can also be cut to any shape and are tacky by nature, which helps in the assembly. They are also much more durable than other elastomers and have low oil bleeding, which is essential in sensitive applications. Gels are a great alternative for thermal greases, gap fillers, and other conventional elastomers in many electronics assemblies.